Adoption of Children
The adoption of the child shall in its best interests to ensure a stable and harmonious conditions of life.
The question of adoption, including international, regulated in Ukraine the following regulations:
- Family Code of Ukraine; posted on the website of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine at:http://zakon1.rada.gov.ua/cgi-bin/laws/main.cgi?nreg=2947-14
- The conduct of the Adoption and oversee human adopted children, adopted by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine N 905 of October 8, 2008; posted on the website of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine at: http://zakon1.rada.gov.ua/cgi-bin/laws/main.cgi?nreg=905-2008-%EF
Please note that, according to st.211 Family Code of Ukraine, the adopter of the child may be an employable person aged at least twenty-one years old, except when the adopter is a relative of the child.
The adopter may be a person who is older than a child, who next she is willing to adopt, by least fifteen years. The age difference between the adopter and the child can not excel forty-five years.
Moreover, according to Article 24 of the Law of Ukraine "On Protection of Childhood" the adoption of the child, who is a citizen of Ukraine, can not be conducted by an unmarried foreigner, except when a foreigner is a relative of the child.
Citizens of Ukraine, who reside outside of Ukraine and foreigners wishing to adopt a child living in Ukraine, turn to the State Department for Adoption and Protection of Children’s Rights of the Ministry of Ukraine for Family, Youth and Sport (the Department).
Address: 14 Desyatynna St, Kyiv, 01025, Ukraine
tel.(044) 52-32, 52-31, fax (044) 279-11-13, e-mail: email@example.com,
The Department filed the case, which consists of the documents mentioned in paragraph 33 of the Order of proceeding with the adoption and implementation oversight of human adopted children (the order). The validity of the documents is one year from the date of issuance, unless otherwise stipulated by national laws (as stated in the document) in which they are issued. On the day of filing period to the Department for further action should be not less than six months.
Adoption of children who are citizens of Ukraine, foreigners married to citizens of Ukraine and permanently residing in Ukraine, conducted in the manner required for citizens of Ukraine.
Procedure and conditions of reception of application documents package from citizens of Ukraine who reside outside Ukraine and foreigners wishing to adopt a child in Ukraine, is defined by the Ministry of Ukraine for Family, Youth and Sports.
State Department for Adoption and Protection of Child Rights within 20 working days considering the application of citizens of Ukraine who reside outside of Ukraine and foreigners, checks the documents attached thereto, in accordance with current legislation.
In case of positive decision the Department has applicants for registration as candidates for adoption to date information about them to the book keeping candidates adopters.
In case of taking account of the applicant is sent by mail or seems justified in writing with documents submitted by him. Reasons for refusal of registering of a lack of documents specified requirements and the availability of unverified documents in due course corrections, the discrepancy translation of the original content.
Introduction of candidates for adopters with information about children who may be adopted, and granting them the directions to get acquainted with a child perform exceptionally Department.
Candidates for adoption are entitled to three times (including repeat receptions) for information about children who may be adopted, provided that the date of admission in the Department of term future of their documents will be no less than a month.
Adoption of a child who is a citizen of Ukraine, on the basis of a court decision in the manner prescribed by law.
The adopter will:
- personally pick up children from school or family, where it is raised in the presence of a service representative from Adoption Association after the presentation of a copy of a court decision on adoption;
- register the child in Consulate or Embassy of Ukraine in the country of residence a month after the adoption;
- provide an opportunity for consular representatives or diplomatic representatives to communicate with the child and to supervise the conditions of its residence and education;
- submit Consulate or diplomatic representation office of Ukraine with reports on living conditions and health of children each year within the first three years after the adoption of the child and later to the child’s coming of 18 years once every 3 years;
- inform of a change of residence of the adopted child Consular agencies or diplomatic missions of Ukraine, which oversees the living conditions and upbringing of the adopted child.
To adopt a child who is a citizen of Ukraine but living abroad, citizens of Ukraine and foreigners treated with an appropriate statement to consular or diplomatic mission of Ukraine in the country of residence of the child. The statement added the documents mentioned in paragraph 5 and subparagraphs 2.3, 5.11, paragraph 33 procedure.
Adoption of a child who is a citizen of Ukraine but living abroad is subject to permission by the Department.
We express our sincere appreciation to the adopters for adopting a citizen of Ukraine and hope to find understanding on the need to comply with the legislation of Ukraine..
Adoption of children in Ukraine
Adoption of children in Ukraine
As of September 1, 2013, Ukraine is home for 91,718 orphans and children deprived of parental care. Among them:
- 75 742 (82.6 %) are raised in families of citizens of Ukraine (under guardianship or trusteeship, living in foster families and family-type orphanages) and cannot be adopted by foreigners;
- 23 849 children are registered with the Directorate of Family and Children at the Ministry for Social Policy of Ukraine as children who can be adopted including 11 123 who have been already placed in foster families and family-type orphanages. According to Ukrainian legislation such children may be adopted only by Ukrainian citizens and cannot be adopted by foreigners.
- 10 483 children – are available for adoption both by Ukrainian and foreign citizens. However, 60 % of them have siblings.
Here are age characteristics of children who can be adopted by foreigners:
9500 children at the age of 10+ years; 52 % of these children have siblings;
783 Children between 5 and 10 years old; 70 % of these children have siblings;
200 Children under the age of 5 (children with disabilities and/or special needs).
Every year the rate of international adoption in Ukraine is rapidly falling.
All orphans and children deprived of parental care under the age of 5 who are more or less healthy or are in the full of their health, are placing in families of Ukrainian citizens. Some 15 000 of such children are placed in Ukrainian families annually.
Each year Ukrainians are slowly changing their approach in realizing their potential as parents - to help orphans live in families. Ukrainians has begun to adopt not only infants but also children of school age. Reforms in the Ukrainian national legislation are carried out observing one of the basic principles of the UN Convention on the Children Rights – to ensure the best interests of a child.
Foreigners are focused mainly on the adoption of young healthy children. However, such children eligible for adoption by foreigners are almost absent in Ukraine.
Children under the age of 5 and those who are registered for less than one year with the central adoption authority are not eligible for adoption by foreigners, except for children with diseases that allow their adoption without complying with these terms and age requirements.
Each year the number of children adopted by foreigners decreases. During 2005 foreign nationals adopted 2 110 children in Ukraine, in 2012 – 806 children, and during 9 months of 2013 - 443 children were adopted.
By the end of 2013 it was expected no more than 600 international adoptions (the lowest number in the history of international adoption in Ukraine). In 2014 we predict further reduction of international adoptions.
Currently, 269 foreign candidates seeking to adopt a child are registered with the Directorate of Family and Children at the Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine. Among them, 114 families wish to adopt a child over the age of 12 years (including 103 families from the United States) - they have a real chance to realize their intention to adopt a child in Ukraine.
A completely different situation will experience families (currently 86) seeking to adopt a child from 5 to 6 years old.
Some 30% of foreigners visit Ukraine with the purpose to adopt a 5 year old child.
To adopt a healthy 5-6 or even 7-8 year old child with no siblings is almost impossible in Ukraine. In 2012, 52 foreign candidates left Ukraine without a child. During 8 months of 2013, this figure is already 161.
As of today Ukraine welcomes foreign adoptive parents who wish to adopt:
- A child with disabilities, special needs or medical conditions;
- A child over 10 years old;
- A group of siblings (4-5 children) over the age of 8 years.
Consular Registration of Adopted Ukrainian Children
In accordance with Ukrainian Law, the Consular Office of the Embassy of Ukraine to the USA should include your child (children) adopted in Ukraine into the list of Ukrainian citizens permanently residing in the USA.
In order to complete an appropriate paperwork you must mail to the Consular Office the following documents:
3. Your child's (children's) original passport(s);
4. Your child's (children's) birth certificate(s);
5. The copy of the second and third pages of the US passport(s) of adoptive parents;
6. An original and a copy of the Ukrainian Court's Decree on adoption (in Ukrainian) and
7. 1 passport-size photo.
Please include a return self-addressed postage-paid envelope (for FedEx - account number is required; credit card number is not acceptable).
Failure to submit all required documents may result in a delayed registration.
In case you change your place of residence, you are also requested to inform the Consular Office.
Please be sure to send your child’s registration documents to the Consulate that has jurisdiction over the district of your residence:
Consulate-General of Ukraine in San Francisco (States of Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada , New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming).
Address: 530 Bush St, suite 402, San Francisco, CA 94108-3623
Consular Office of the Embassy of Ukraine (States of Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia).
Address: 3350 M St NW, Washington, DC 20007
Consulate-General of Ukraine in New York (States of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont).
Address: 240 East 49 St, New York, NY 10017
Consulate-General of Ukraine in Chicago (States of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin).
Address: 10 East Huron St, Chicago, IL 60611
Annual Post-Placement Report on Adopted Child from Ukraine
The Ukrainian legislation requires adoptive parents to provide information about the adopted child's living conditions and educational progress to the Consulate General of Ukraine or Consular Office of the Embassy of Ukraine annually during the first three years following the adoption and once every three years thereafter, until the child's 18th birthday.
The Consulate General of Ukraine in San Francisco will be grateful for your detailed reports about adopted child's (children') development and pictures of your family.
The form of annual report on adopted child from Ukraine you can find here.
All reports can be filed in English.
or can be sent by mail to the Consulate General of Ukraine in San Francisco at the address: 530 Bush St, Suite 402, San Francisco, CA, 94108. All reports must be signed by parents.
We express our sincere appreciation to those parents, who adopted Ukrainian child (children) and we hope to find understanding on the requirement to comply with the legislation of Ukraine and complete all post-adoption requirements in a timely manner.